Advertisement Promotion
The Independent



With any kind of photography you need to understand the principles that apply

"Digital power is the key element, batteries, memory, gives unlimited access to help you concentrate on capturing the image you have set for yourself."- Huggy Ragnarsson


1. Check your light from all angles - 360 degrees - actually walk in a circle with your subject and look to see which light best suits that person. Treat digital like a very sensitive emulsion that you can manipulate very easily by adding:
- White (paper, cloth - a sheet, aluminium foil) you lighten your subject
- Black (paper, cloth, black board) you give definition to your subject - you can make your subject slimmer, defining its shape

2. Control your light - when using artificial light, make it your key light. It should be the principle source, and like any spot light when you light a space whether it is a room or a box that source of light must remain constant or it fades as it reaches the edge

3. Know your equipment - the more familiar and comfortable you are with your equipment, the more confident you'll feel and that will extend to your subject

4. Communication is vital - making sure your subject is 'in the picture' with what is needed from them, which will help you capture the 'bigger picture'

5. Experiment with your image - use front and back lighting to create a silhouette image, which can be beautiful. Experiment with filters, different lens and cameras - remember the power with 'digital' is that it gives you that freedom

6. Proportion - study your subject, if they have a longer torso or short legs for example shoot them from a lower angle so you can lengthen or even their shape out

7. Depth of field - is what you want YOUR focus to be on in your picture - remember the more you extend or shorten the depth of your image this becomes the focus. The lower your depth of field the more your background will go out of focus and vice-versa

8. Movement - you can achieve this by having your subject still while you are moving, or the other way around but I like when both my subject and myself are moving - a kind of 'photographic tango' if you like

9. Self portraits - all you need is a timer on your camera to take a self portrait - it's a great way to understand light and capture how your subject feels

10. Group shot - take extra frames - the more people you have in the shot, the higher the chances of someone being out of sync - remember everyone blinks at different times